Alzheimer’s disease is a continuous process leading to an alteration of cognitive and behavioral functions. It is essential to consult a doctor as soon as the first signs appear. By then, the disease might already have progressed insidiously for many years. A clear diagnosis will allow patients, their relatives and closest social network to better understand the symptoms that occur and to anticipate the future in consultation with the patient.

Alzheimer’s disease, which is the most common form of dementia, is still today an incurable degenerative disease. Neurons in certain parts of the brain are destroyed which leads to deficits in cognitive functions, such as memory, language skills, and behavior. Clinical diagnosis can be supported by biomarkers that detect the presence or absence of the disease. The following are different ways to prevent the disease.

How to Prevent Alzheimer’s disease

1. Stimulate your brain

Spend at least 20 minutes, three times a week doing mental exercises include reading, writing, playing board games and doing crossword puzzles.

2. Control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels

Both high blood pressure and high total cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. Improving those numbers are good for your brain as well as your heart.

3. Watch your weight

A study found that people who were overweight in midlife were twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s down the line. Those who were obese had three times the risk. Losing weight can go a long way to protecting your brain.

4. Eat leafy green

When it comes to fruits and vegetables, the more the better. Think about eating a rainbow of colors when you choose your vegetables to maximize protective antioxidants and vitamins, including green leafy vegetables, red and blue berries, and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and kale.

5. Drink green tea

Regular consumption of green tea may enhance memory and mental alertness and slow brain aging. Not as powerful as tea, coffee also confers brain benefits.

6. Limit alcohol consumption

While some research shows brain benefits in consuming red wine in moderation, heavy alcohol consumption can dramatically raise the risk of Alzheimer’s and accelerate brain aging.

7. Make connections

Staying socially engaged has been shown to protect against Alzheimer’s disease and dementia in later life. Developing and maintaining a strong network of friends should be a priority for health reasons. Social interaction has been shown to reduce the risk of depression and improve overall life satisfaction.

Not only can taking these positive steps to get and stay healthy deter the development of Alzheimer’s, they can also lower the risk of certain chronic diseases, like heart disease and diabetes.