WHAT IS DIARRHEA?

Diarrhea is the frequent passage of loose, watery, soft stools with or without abdominal bloating, pressure, and cramps commonly referred to as gas or flatulence. Luckily, diarrhea is usually short-lived, lasting no more than a few days. But when diarrhea lasts beyond a few days into weeks, it usually indicates that there’s another problem — such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or a more serious disorder, including persistent infection, celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIARRHEA?

It may be present alone or be associated with other symptoms, such as:

  • Abdominal cramps:
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Bloating and gas
  • The urgent feeling or need to have a bowel movement
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in the stool
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Urgent need to have a bowel movement

     Causes of Diarrhea;

  • Intestinal disorders or diseases
  • Viral infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Intolerance or allergies
  • Parasites
  • Reaction to certain medication
  • Surgery
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Laxatives abuse
  • Some cancers.

Home remedy for diarrhea

Rehydrating:

Adults should drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Replenishing water loss (due to diarrhea) is important. Avoid milk as it can make diarrhea worse. Sports beverages (for example, Gatorade or Powerade) can be beneficial because they replenish electrolytes in addition to providing hydration.

Eating a recovery diet:

A diet of small, frequent meals can be better than eating three larger meals a day when recovering from diarrhea. A good diet for someone with diarrhea may involve:

  • foods rich in pectin, such as fruit
  • foods high in potassium, such as potatoes and sweet potatoes
  • foods with electrolytes, such as miso soup and sports drinks
  • cooked, soft vegetables
  • adequate amounts of protein

Adopting this diet for the first 24 hours may prevent the bowels from working too hard.

Another option for people with diarrhea is the BRAT diet. This consists of:

It is essential to note that the BRAT diet is highly restrictive and does not provide balanced nutrition. People should only follow this diet until they are feeling better and not any longer than 2 days.

Taking probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms that can benefit the digestive system. They can support the workings of the gut and help fight off infection.

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts in some yogurts and other fermented foods.