A nosebleed happens when one of the blood vessels in the lining of the nose bursts. Nosebleeds may be caused by infection, injury, allergic reaction, nose picking or an object being pushed into the nostril. Another name for nosebleed is epistaxis.
Bleeding from the nose is common in children and is usually not serious. Seek medical attention if nosebleeds are severe, frequent or prolonged. A nosebleed can be caused by a range of factors, including: fragile blood vessels that bleed easily, perhaps in warm dry air or after exercise ,an infection of the nose lining, sinuses or adenoids ,an allergy that causes hay fever or coughing ,bumps or falls ,an object that has been pushed up the nostril ,nose picking ,occasionally, a bleeding or clotting problem. The following ways are first aid treatments against nosebleed.
How to Handle Nosebleed Crises
1. Sit upright and lean forward
By remaining upright, you reduce blood pressure in the veins of your nose. This discourages further bleeding. Sitting forward will help you avoid swallowing blood, which can irritate your stomach.
2. Gently blow your nose
Blow your nose to clear your nose of blood clots. Then spray both sides of your nose with a nasal decongestant containing oxymetazoline (Afrin).
3. Pinch your nose
Use your thumb and index finger to pinch your nostrils shut. Breathe through your mouth. Continue to pinch for 10 to 15 minutes. Pinching sends pressure to the bleeding point on the nasal septum and often stops the flow of blood.
If the bleeding continues after 10 to 15 minutes, repeat holding pressure for another 10 to 15 minutes. Avoid peeking at your nose. If the bleeding still continues, seek emergency care.
To prevent re-bleeding, don’t pick or blow your nose and don’t bend down for several hours. Keep your head higher than the level of your heart. You can also gently apply some petroleum jelly to the inside of your nose using a cotton swab or your finger. If re-bleeding occurs, call your doctor if the bleeding continues.
Note that when you are beside someone who is bleeding, do not panic. Simply do what has been stated above to help the person. Incase it doesn’t slow down then get the attention of a health practitioner.
- Skip foreign objects
- Check your blood pressure
- Take it easy
- keep calm