Carbohydrates, also known as saccharides or carbs, provide energy for the body. Each gram of carbohydrates provides 4 calories. The body breaks carbohydrates down into glucose, which is the primary energy source for the brain and muscles. Carbohydrates are one of three macronutrients, which are nutrients that the body needs in larger amounts. The other macronutrients are protein and fats. Proteins provide 4 calories per gram, and fats provide 9 calories per gram. Carbohydrates are mainly found in plant foods. They also occur in dairy products in the form of a milk sugar called lactose.
Foods high in carbohydrates include bread, pasta, beans, potatoes, rice, and cereals. Carbohydrates play several roles in living organisms, including providing energy. Byproducts of carbohydrates are involved in the immune system, the development of disease, blood clotting, and carbohydrates, plays several roles in the development of the body and a healthy system which are as follows.
Health Benefits of Carbohydrates to the Body
1.Carbs fuel your brain
That’s important, because your brain needs glucose, and it can’t store much. So, you need to replenish the levels through carb-rich foods. If glucose level falls below the optimal levels, your brain will start to act weird. You may start to experience brain fog, a type of cognitive dysfunction involving memory, learning, and focus.
2. They help reduce bloating
Poor digestion of certain complex carbs is one of the many reasons behind excess gas and bloating. However, good carbs, like fruits, veggies, and whole grains contain plenty of dietary fiber. And, fiber is good to maintain bowel movements. That means you are less likely to feel bloated because your body constantly and efficiently eliminate waste.
3.They will make you happier:
Studies say that most carb foods contain L-tryptophan, an amino acid that helps produce the feel-good neurotransmitter serotonin. With low tryptophan—and therefore serotonin—you’re more likely to get anxious or depressed.
4. Lower the risk of cardiac diseases
Carbs can either improve or worsen your heart health. Oatmeal, nuts, beans, apples, and blueberries are rich in soluble fiber. Soluble fiber is essential to reducing the spiked-up blood sugar levels and lowering LDL cholesterol. And, it`s well known that high circulating levels of both sugar and LDL cholesterol are detrimental to your heart.
5. Eat good carb. Sleep Better
Did you know that carb-rich meals and snacks can potentially help you sleep better? Carbohydrates increase insulin levels, which in turn increase tryptophan and boost serotonin production. By countering the hyper activation of energizing hypocretin neurons, serotonin ensures restful sleep. No wonder people on low carb diet have a harder time getting a shut eye.