Food insecurity in Cameroon affects 13 Divisions in the crisis zones of the North West, Southwest and Far North Regions.In total, 1368,000 people are nutritionally insecured.
These are the results of an statistics that took place in October. They were introduced by the Minister of Agriculture.
Food insecurity does not only concern the divisions of the 3 regions mentioned. According to the CRTV, the phenomenon of food insecurity concerns 40 other divisions of Cameroon.
The list of the most affected areas are: Kupe Manengouba, Mémé, Manyu, Lebialem, Bui, Menchum, Momo, Ngo-Ketunjia, Mayo-Tsanaga, Mayo-Sava, Logone-and-Chari, Mayo-Kani and Diamaré.
It is not the only data mentioned by the Ministry of Agriculture.
The Minader also notes a 35.9% malnutrition rate in Mayo-Tsanga. In addition, in terms of access to portable water, it is 54.5% in the East. In the North, the rate is 57.9%. In the Far North and Adamaoua, the rate reached 69.5%.
Cameroon – Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA), December 2017
Around 16% of households are estimated to be food insecure (3.9 million people), including 1% that are severely food insecure (around 211,000 people). The regions of the Great North that have historically been exposed to issues related to food availability, access and utilization are still among the most food insecure, particularly the Far North (33.7% of food insecure households), followed by Adamawa (15.4%) and Nord (15.3%). Surprisingly, the regions of North West and West also recorded high rates of food insecurity (respectively, 18.1% and 18% of households), most probably because of the Anglophone crisis that escalated in West affecting its neighbouring regions.
More than a fifth of rural households (22%) are food insecure compared to 10.5% of urban households. In rural areas, the most common sources of income are agriculture and small businesses, while in urban areas, these are public or private skilled labour (37.1%) and traders (20.3%).
Approximately 22% of households have inadequate food consumption, including 18% with borderline and 3% with poor food consumption. The situation has deteriorated compared to the 2011 CFSVA, with a 35% increase of rural households consuming inadequate diets. The most significant increase occurred in the Far North (+22 pp), North West (+27 pp) and Adamawa (+ 8 pp).
Overall, 7.5% of children 6-59 months had low mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), ranging from 13% in North to 1.7% in West and with differences by place of residence: rural areas (9.8%), other urban areas (5.3%) and Yaoundé and Douala (3.5%).
Overall, 7 out of 10 households reported having experienced a shock during the 30 days before the survey. More than 80% of households in the divisions of Logone-et-Chari, Mayo-Danay, Mayo-Kani,
Mayo-Sava and Mayo-Tsanaga (all located in the region of the Far North) were affected by at least one shock. The type of shocks that households experienced varies across regions and wealth groups.
Overall, illness or death of a household member (39.7% of households), loss of job or of income sources (26.1%) and delayed rains/droughts (25.4%) are among the most frequently reported shocks.
Erratic rainfalls and pests, together with unusual diseases of livestock or crops represent the most frequently reported shocks by households located in Far-North, North, North-West and West – where agriculture is the main income generating activity(World Food Program)