According to a ranking on democracy in the world, established by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), Cameroon is 40th country out of 50 in Africa.
According to Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the regime of President Paul Biya from the outset is described as an “authoritarian” regime. Cameroon thus lost four places down in the 2019 ranking, from its 36th position ranking in 2018.
In the ranking are also CEMAC countries like Congo (38th), and Gabon (29th). The CEMAC zone still does not appear to look well in the 2019 ranking.
It is, in fact, noted that three countries in the Central Africa community space, namely, the Central African Republic Equatorial Guinea and Chad are among the last four in the ranking, just ahead of the Democratic Republic of Congo, another country in central Africa, even though it is not part of the CEMAC zone.
Note that countries not included in the ranking are Seychelles, South Sudan, Somalia, and Sao Tome and Principe.
EIU classification criteria
The EIU Democracy Index is based on five heads of criteria, namely: political culture, civil liberties, political participation, the functioning of government and the electoral process and pluralism.
These allow countries to be classified according to four types of political regimes, namely “full democracy”, “imperfect democracy”, “hybrid regime” and “the authoritarian regime “.
The Economist Intelligence Unit is a British subsidiary company belonging to The Economist Group. Through research and analysis, the EIU offers forecasts and advice to its customers. It provides countries, industries, and businesses with global analyzes.