Asthma is a condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. Asthma can be minor or it can interfere with daily activities. In some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening attack. Difficulty breathing is usually the first sign of an asthma attack. This is caused by inflammation in the airways that then stimulates a tightening of the surrounding muscles. When this occurs, a person can experience coughing spells, wheezing, a tightening of the chest, or an inability to move air out of the chest. symptoms may include a blue or gray tinge to the fingers or lips, difficulty speaking, or difficulty doing simple chores or other activities. Thanks to advances in treatment options, asthma attacks are rarer than they once were. But unfortunately, some people still experience them.

Here’s what to do in an Asthma emergency

Asthma

1. Keep calm:

That goes for you and who you’re trying to help. Reassure the person that you’re there for them,  people who are panicked can have difficulty breathing, so you don’t want to worsen an already stressful event by seeming panicked yourself, he explains so keep calm

2. Help them sit up:

If the person is sitting in an upright position, his or her breathing will be as unobstructed as possible.

3. Eliminate the trigger:

If you know the person’s history of asthma attacks, get them away from the trigger or remove the trigger, if possible,  (Example: If you’re near people who are smoking, move away from them.) The list of potential asthma triggers is lengthy — pollen, dust mites, mold, feathers, animal dander, certain foods, smoke, dirt, gases, illness, exercise, stress, cold weather or windy weather, and even acetaminophen — so if you don’t know the person’s triggers, ask them directly, if possible.

4. Follow the emergency plan:

If the person has an emergency plan on them — and this may include rescue inhalers (albuterol, in most cases), bronchodilators, and other anti-inflammatory agents — follow the directions. Read the label to determine the appropriate doses of medication and make sure the person follows through with the instructions. Then, ask about his or her action plan for worsening symptoms — whether you should help them use rescue inhalers or breathing treatments, or if you should call an ambulance at the first signs of chest tightening.

5. Assess the severity of the attack:

Look for any signs that this is a severe attack, therefore one that warrants a trip to the emergency room or at least a call to the physician. Signs include skin that looks sucked in between the ribs and on the neck, a bluish discoloration of the lips, and a continuing struggle to breathe several minutes after using a rescue inhaler.

Even if symptoms improve after these steps, it is always important to call or sick the doctor’s attention so as to be very sure the individual is totally out of danger .