The situation in the North West and South West and the Northern region best explains Cameroon’s position in the ranking of the annual index of the most fragile states.
The situation in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon, together with that of the North by Boko Haram has placed Cameroon on another unsatisfactory rank in the world.
Cameroon has been ranked 11th in the world in the 2020 Fragile State Index(FSI).
This placed Cameroon in an unenviable position in the world.
Cameroon comes in with other nations like Syria, Yemen in the Middle East, and Central African Republic and Chad in the CEMAC zone.
The report examines the country’s capacity and ability to prevent or effectively deal with crisis they are facing.
Exactly a position where Cameroon finds itself in the current war in the North West and South West and that of Boko Haram in the North.
Entitled “The Language of War”, the dedicated chapter to Cameroon states that ” the rise to power of the separatists, demanding the secession of the country with a French-speaking majority, was demonstrated by their ability to effectively block the legislative and municipal elections of February in the predominantly English-speaking regions of the North West and South West”.
In response, according to Human Rights Watch, the response of the military in the crisis has been the extrajudicial killings, torture, and burning of villages.
As a result of the crisis more than two million people have been affected. It has left over 600,000 children out of school, with about 34% of the health facilities going functional.
The frequent attacks in the North by the Boko Haram pushed Cameroon to the current position in ranking.
Cameroon shares the 11th position out of 15 with Burundi.