The modification of the law will allow Cameroonians with other nationalities maintain their Cameroonian citizenship.
A 421-page document containing 1245 articles whose purpose is to reform, among other things, the Civil Code, the nationality code, the organization of civil status in Cameroon.
The new law proposed by the executive provides a solution to the problem of dual nationality.
Prohibited by the law of June 11, 1968 in Cameroon, dual nationality has always caused tensions and controversies because of its application to researcher by the authorities.
In the current draft law on the code of persons and the family, it is proposed in article 81 that “Any Cameroonian who can prove of another nationality retains Cameroonian nationality, except repudiation of this one”. The principle of dual nationality is therefore acquired in this preliminary draft law.
Apart from rewriting it on the nationality code in Cameroon, the text proposed by the government contains other innovations. Informed observers cite innovations on the mutability of matrimonial agreements, equality between children, the framing of engagements that will become legal situations, divorce by mutual consent, among others.
Section 89(1) and (2) of the proposed draft law states that “A foreigner who marries a Cameroonian may, by express declaration made in the form provided for in this law, acquire Cameroon nationality at the moment of celebration of the marriage. However, nationality acquired by virtue of marriage shall only take effect where no objection has been filed by the Government within six (6) months of the date of transmission of the certified true copy of the marriage certificate to the Ministry of Justice”. In the case of objection by the Government the concerned shall be deemed not to have acquired Cameroon nationality.”
Section 92 of the law reads ” An applicant for Cameroon nationality by virtue of naturalization shall fulfil the following conditions: a) must be at least twenty one (21) years old ; b) must have been habitually resident in Cameroon for at least ten (10) consecutive years preceding the application for naturalization ; c) must establish that his main activities are situate within the Cameroonian territory at the time of signing of the decree conferring the nationality by virtue of naturalization; d) be of good character and morals; e) must not have been convicted for an ordinary law felony or misdemeanour which damages his reputation, probity or good morals and the conviction has not been expunged by rehabilitation or amnesty; f) must not have been convicted for an offence which threatened the internal or external security of the State, and the conviction has not been expunged by either rehabilitation or amnesty; g) must be of good health and of sound mind; h) must have been subjected to the verification test evincing his integration into the Cameroonian society; and i) must have paid all his state dues into the Public Treasury.”